God has a government and every government has a constitution or set of laws that govern the whole territory. Without laws, the whole nation will be in chaos. Without law a government cannot continue to exist. The laws of the land are built for the benefits of the whole citizen of that nation. It is designed to protect the people so that if obeyed everyone can secure a peaceful life. Each particular law if violated has a corresponding penalty. Same thing applies in the government of God. He wrote His laws with His own finger and engraved them in tables of stones so that no man can change them. He designed His laws to adapt mankind for their instructions and government for all. If obeyed, man will live in harmony with God and fellowmen but if violated, a penalty of death was pronounced. Romans 6:23.

Back in the days of ancient Israelites, death penalty was executed instantly against the transgressor yet Jesus came to change the covenant and provided mercy unto the sinner thereby giving him a chance to repent and if he fails to repent during the probationary period provided, he will then face execution when Jesus is ready to burn all wickedness in this world through fire and brimstone. Only then will sinners pay the penalty for violating the laws of the government of God.

If we want to be a part of His kingdom we need to be obedient to the laws the govern His kingdom. All creation with the power of choice is subject to every requirement God has laid down to follow.

The kingdom of God has ten precepts, brief yet comprehensive, authoritative yet with mercy allows everyone to have a probationary time to perfect obedience through the power of the blood of the Son of Man. This is the whole duty of man to God and to fellow man that we love God above all and our neighbors as ourselves; hence, the two great commandments broken down into 10 precepts in which the first 4 instructs us how to love God and the rest of the 6 helps us understand how to love each other. These 10 commandments are based on the great fundamental principle of LOVE for the lawgiver which is God, is Himself LOVE. 1 John 4:8

What are the two greatest commandments?
Matthew 22:36-39  Master, which [is] the great commandment in the law?  Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.  This is the first and great commandment.  And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 

How do we love God and how do we love our neighbor?
Exodus 20 – The ten commandment is divided into two parts

First Part (1-4) – teaches us how to love God
Second Part (6-10) – teaches us how to love our neighbor


Exodus 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

What are other gods aside from God?
Anything that we worship, adore, love or chose above God is another god. It may include earthly treasures and riches like homes, cars, clothes and such. If you love these things more than you love God then they become your god. It can also be people or loved ones like parents, children, relatives and friends. If you love and obey your parents, children, spouse, relatives and friends more than God then they become your god. It can also be graven images or statues of Mary, or Jesus or any saint or any objects that people venerate, adore and worship. Any physical object associated with worship is another god. It can also be a person who claimed himself to be God. If you worship, believe and obey that particular human being then he becomes your god.

1 John 5:21 Little children, keep yourselves from idols. Amen.


Exodus 20:4-5 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;  And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

Any graven image that people venerate, adore, bow down to or worship is an idol and is against the law of God.


Exodus 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 

Psalms 145:21 “and let all flesh bless his holy name for ever and ever.” 

The name of the Lord is holy for He is holy. Trifling His holy name is sin against Him.

How can one take the name of the Lord in vain?

  • Carelessly using the name of the Lord like in cursing, jesting and joking 
  • Claiming the name of Christ (Christian) while failing to produce corresponding fruits is taking His name in vain.


Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:  But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates:  For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

Two things to remember:

  • What day we are to remember as the Sabbath day and which day of the week is it?

Exodus 20:9-10 – Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work. But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the LORD thy God:

Which day is the 7th day?
Answer: Saturday.

When does Sabbath day start?
Leviticus 23:32 from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. 

1 day  = from the setting of the sun till the setting of the sun or from sunset to sunset (one evening and one morning)

When does “even” start?
Mark 1:32 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils.

Genesis 1:5 And the evening and the morning were the first day

  • How do we keep the seventh day (Sabbath day) holy?

Exodus 20:10 thou shalt not do any work

Isaiah 58:13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, [from] doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking [thine own] words

  • Who shall not do any work?

Exodus 20:10 thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates: 

Click here for specific study on how to keep the Sabbath holy.


Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. 

Ephesians 6:1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.

If our parents tell us something outside the will of the Lord then we are not to obey them but to obey God first above our parents.


Exodus 20:13 Thou shalt not kill.

Aside from physically killing someone without a cause, what is another way that we can commit murder against our neighbor?
1 John 3:15 Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.


Exodus 20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.

Physical adultery:
Matthew 5:28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. 

  • Adultery – illicit/unlawful/sexual relationship between married man/woman
  • Fornication – illicit/unlawful/sexual relationship between unmarried man/woman


1 Corinthians 6:18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.

Spiritual Adultery:
James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.


Exodo 20:15 Thou shalt not steal.

1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.


Exodus 20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither [whatsoever] worketh abomination, or [maketh] a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.


Exodus 20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that [is] thy neighbour's.

Ephesians 5:5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.


Obedience to these commandments is a manifestation that one has been saved by the grace of God through faith in him. One can claim that he has been saved yet if he fails to show fruits of obedience, his faith and profession is dead. James 2:18, 20